Masaki Kobayashi San
 
 Born February 14, 1916(1916-02-14)
Otaru, Hokkaidō, Japan
Died October 4, 1996 (aged 80)
Tokyo, Japan
 
Occupation Film director

Masaki Kobayashi (小林 正樹 Kobayashi Masaki?, February 14, 1916–October 4, 1996) was a Japanese director.

Among his films is Kwaidan (1965), a collection of four ghost stories drawn from the book by Lafcadio Hearn, each of which has a surprise ending.

Kobayashi also directed The Human Condition, a trilogy on the effects of World War II on a Japanese pacifist and socialist. The total length of the films is over 9 hours. Other notable films include Harakiri (1962) and Samurai Rebellion (1967). Harakiri won him an award at the 1963 Cannes Film Festival, solidifying his place in the history of cinema.

He was also a candidate for directing the Japanese sequences for Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970) but instead Kinji Fukasaku and Toshio Masuda were chosen.

Kobayashi, himself a pacifist, was drafted into the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, but refused to fight or be promoted to rank higher than private.
 

Partial filmography


 
director
 
  year            
 
The Empty Table   1985            
Tokyo Trial   1984            
Glowing Autumn   1979            
The Fossil 化石 1975            
Inn of Evil   1971
Hymn to a Tired Man   1968
Samouraï Rebellion 上位討ち 1967
Ghost Story 怪談 1964
Hara Kiri 切腹 1962
The Inheritance   1962
Human Condition 3 人間の条件 1961
Human Condition 人間の条件 1959
Human condition 2 人間の条件 1959
Black River 黒い河 1957
The Fountainhead   1956
I'll Buy You   1956
Beautiful Days   1955
Somewhere Beneath the Wide Sky   1954
Three Loves   1954
Sincere Heart   1953
The Thick-Walled Room   1953
My Son's Youth 息子の青春 1952
 
producer
 
  year
 
Dode's Kaden どですかでん 1970
Human Condition 3 人間の条件 1961
Human condition 2 人間の条件 1959
 
scriptwriter
 
  year
 
Doraheita   1999  
The Empty Table   1985  
Tokyo Trial   1984  
Human Condition 3 人間の条件 1961  
Human Condition 人間の条件 1959  
Human condition 2 人間の条件 1959  
Three Loves

 

Film availability